Computer science—also known as “CS”—is a field that revolutionized the way we live, work, and communicate through technology and data systems. And by learning what a Computer Science degree is and what it entails, you can jumpstart your career in tech and make an impact in society through digital means.
If you’re interested in learning about the world of technology, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we explore what you can expect from a BS Computer Science degree in the Philippines. This comprehensive guide will help you gain an understanding of what this field is and what opportunities you can pursue within the industry.
So, What is Computer Science?
Computer science is the study of computers and their applications. It’s a broad discipline that encompasses the study of algorithms, data structures, programming languages, operating systems, computer networks, artificial intelligence, and more.
Generally, computer scientists are involved in the design, development, and analysis of computer systems and software. They study the theoretical foundations of computing and the impact of computers on society.
You may be wondering “When do I encounter Computer Science?” Well, because we live in the digital age, computer science is applied in most of our technology. Just by simply logging into the internet, you’re already experiencing the outcomes of the field. And because 65% of the global population uses the internet, it’s safe to say that computer science greatly impacts our daily lives.
Computer Science vs. IT vs. Engineering
Because computer science deals with technology, it’s often confused with Information Technology and Computer Engineering. And while these three fields are in the same spectrum, they have key differences and functions.
1. Computer Science
As mentioned earlier, the focus of computer science is the fundamental principles of computation. It deals with programming languages and software designs to create innovative solutions.
A few disciplines in computer science are software development, data science, and artificial intelligence.
2. Information Technology
With information technology, it’s primarily concerned with the implementation, management, and maintenance of technology systems, networks, and databases. Professionals in this field ensure that technology systems are operational, secure, and meet organizational needs.
To put it simply, the key difference between IT vs. Computer Science is that IT is more on the execution side as compared to the theoretical side of CS. Some of the disciplines in IT are network administrators, system analysts, and IT consultants.
3. Computer Engineering
As for computer engineering, this field sits at the intersection of electrical engineering and computer science. It explores the design, development, and integration of computer hardware and software systems. Computer engineers generally work on creating systems that embed software in hardware devices—commonly shown in devices or smartphones.
So, whether you dive into computer science or computer engineering, you still work on systems that influence technology. A few disciplines in computer engineering include hardware engineers, embedded systems engineers, and firmware developers.
Computer Science, Information Technology, and Computer Engineering are interconnected fields that collectively drive technological innovation. However, by understanding their distinctions, you can further identify which career path you’re really interested in.
What Do You Study in Computer Science?
Now that you know what Computer Science is and its role in the development of technology, you may be curious about what you learn in computer science degree courses. Here’s a list of what you can expect going into the program:
At the core of CS lie the foundational concepts and principles that serve as the building blocks for advanced study. The subjects you will encounter are:
- Mathematics: Computer science relies heavily on mathematical principles, including discrete mathematics, calculus, and linear algebra. These are all essential topics in understanding algorithms and problem-solving.
- Algorithms: Understanding algorithms and data structures is important in CS. This involves learning how to design, analyze, and optimize algorithms for solving various computational problems.
- Computational Thinking: Developing the ability to break down complex problems into smaller, solvable components is important in understanding how to express solutions in a precise and logical manner.
Programming Languages and Software Development
Programming is the practical application of computer science, and this area covers a range of topics.
- Software Design: Understanding how to plan and architect software systems, including considerations for user interfaces, data storage, and system scalability.
- Testing and Debugging: Studying techniques for identifying and fixing errors in code to ensure that software functions correctly.
- Version Control: Using tools to manage and track code changes, facilitating collaboration in software development teams.
Computer Organization and Architecture
Understanding how computers work at the hardware level is still a key part of learning computer science. You will need to understand concepts including:
- Computer Components: Studying CPU architectures, memory, storage devices, and input/output systems.
- Assembly Language: Low-level programming to interact directly with hardware components.
- Operating Systems: The role of operating systems in managing computer resources and facilitating user interactions.
Databases and Data Management
As data plays a central role in Computer Science, it’s important to understand data concepts. This area covers:
- Database Management Systems (DBMS): Learning about different types of databases (SQL and NoSQL) and how to design, implement, and query them.
- Structured Query Language (SQL): Writing and optimizing database queries for data retrieval and manipulation.
Networking and Security
Because the digital world is interconnected, networking and security play a crucial role in ensuring safe interactions with other systems. Topics you’ll explore in this branch of CS are:
- Computer Networks: Understanding network architectures, protocols, and data transmission.
- Cybersecurity: Strategies for safeguarding computer systems and networks from threats and vulnerabilities.
AI and Machine Learning
Due to the advancement of technology, artificial intelligence and machine learning are thriving fields within computer science. Here you’ll learn:
- Machine Learning Algorithms: Techniques for creating predictive models from data, including supervised and unsupervised learning.
- Deep Learning: The architecture and applications of neural networks for tasks like image recognition and natural language processing.
Knowing the variety of topics, you can cover in computer science can help you gauge whether this field is truly what you’re passionate about. As it dives into the world of technology, your learning will continue to develop and evolve, and soon, you can make your own contributions to the global network.
Career Opportunities: What BSC in Computer Science Graduates Can Expect
After completing a degree in computer science, there are several types of careers you can go into. A few jobs you can pursue are:
- Data Analytics
- Systems Analyst
- Computer Scientist
- Systems Developer
- Computer Programmer
According to the top 10 in-demand skills in the Philippines, Data Analytics ranks as the highest in demand as it deals with data analysis in the digital world where millions of data are exchanged every day. In fact, among the top 10 skills in the article, five of them are in the field of programming.
So, because of the prevalence of technology in current times, careers in the field of computer science can open more opportunities for you to follow.
Choosing OEd to Start Your Career in Computer Science
Now that you know all about Computer Science and which career direction it can lead you to, start a fulfilling educational journey with OEd!
Living in today’s digital world where technology is present in most aspects of our lives, online learning offers flexibility and access to quality education. And with our comprehensive curriculum in Computer Science, you can explore its fundamental principles from the comfort of your own space at your own time.
Become a part of a supportive online academic community, learn from industry experts, and gain skills that will start your career in computer science. Seize the opportunity to learn under the pioneers of IT education in the country through the first fully online university in the Philippines and equip yourself with the knowledge that can bring you to the forefront of the tech industry.
Get in touch with us today to learn more about our Computer Science program!